Gynecomastia is known as the pathological development of one or both mammary glands in men. This disorder may be related to hyperprolactinemia, which is the excess of prolactin in the blood that is similarly synthesized in men. It may also be caused by hyperestrogenism produced from a pathology such as cirrhosis, because the liver is not able to metabolize the estrogens.
Most of the teens have some breast development during puberty, because gynecomastia may arise as an abnormal state associated with disorders or metabolic disorders as a side effect of medication. It is noteworthy that in men the condition often turns out to be a source of psychological distress, however, approximately 75% of gynecomastia cases can be resolved within the next two years without the need for gynecomastia treatment.
The symptoms presented in gynecomastia are easy to distinguish, differing mainly by having a high or more developed growth of the mammary glandular tissue in the sufferer. This increase in tissue occurs in both breasts, but it is not the same size on both sides, in addition, together with this you can feel a change in texture or feeling of sinus, specifically in the area of the nipple, so it feels harder and it hurts sometimes more ideas of healthy skin.
In conjunction with the physical problems that gynecomastia can cause, having the condition in some cases can lead to psychological trauma, especially in young people. This is because prominent breasts are associated with women and it can create complex in the male adolescents, so they try by all means to hide them, for example, they wear loose shirts, do not take off their shirt in front of others and even cover them with bandages or tape, so that they are not noticed.
A lot of people often confuse this disorder with breast cancer, but the difference is that in gynecomastia normal tissue is developed on both sides, while breast cancer alone originates on one side. Gynecomastia in some cases can only be diagnosed through a physical examination and the study of a medical history. When examining the breasts, the doctor can differentiate this condition from the pseudogynecomastia, in addition, it is necessary to rule out any signs of cancer in the same area.
In most cases, specifically in adolescents and children, gynecomastia can be easily treated, but in extreme cases, medical intervention such as hormone therapy or breast reduction surgery may be necessary.