There is no treatment for minor poisoning. To speed up the metabolism and excretion of ethanol, it is recommended to provide the victim with plenty of drink and rest, and give enterosorbents. A person needs to sleep for several hours. After waking up, saline drinking is shown, with headaches and general deterioration of well-being – non-steroidal analgesics. Medical workers should provide assistance in case of moderate and severe poisoning, as well as in case of damage to alcohol surrogates.
Removal of alcoholic intoxication at home
Removal of alcoholic intoxication of moderate severity is possible at home. The multidisciplinary medical holding “Green Hill Recovery” has its own ambulance service, which operates on the territory of Raleigh, NC. After arriving at the address of the call, our specialists conduct a full examination of the victim, register an electrocardiogram, and identify concomitant pathology. To speed up the elimination of alcohol and eliminate pathological symptoms, gastric infusion therapy, and special antitoxic agents are used.
Removal of gastric contents is carried out through a thin nasogastric tube. If the person is conscious, breathing and swallowing are preserved, the probe less method is possible. Ordinary water or a suspension of activated carbon is used as a washing liquid. After cleansing the stomach, the person is given enter sorbents to drink, and a dropper with saline solutions is placed. To accelerate sobriety, complexing drugs can be used that bind and neutralize the toxicant. After a course of treatment for alcohol poisoning, the patient is shown rest and sleep for several hours.
Treatment of severe poisoning
Treatment of severe poisoning is carried out in a day hospital. The network of medical centers “Green Hill Recovery” has its own clinical base and offers services for the treatment of severe alcohol poisoning. The procedure is designed to remove the decomposition products of alcohol and drugs from the body and is designed for patients with acute and chronic ethanol intoxication, drug-addicted patients. Takes about 3 hours, can be repeated the next day if necessary.
Before the start of antitoxic measures, the doctor of the clinic takes tests, records an ECG, and examines the patient. This is necessary to ensure the safety of the procedure and is included in the cost of the service. If life-threatening symptoms are identified, a person is sent to a toxicological hospital. Treatment of extremely severe alcohol poisoning should be carried out in an intensive care unit.
Plasmapheresis is considered the main method of treating alcohol poisoning. The procedure is a filtration of blood through special plasma filters with its subsequent return to the bloodstream. In the system of spirally wound composite membranes, molecules of different sizes are retained, including alcohol metabolites, opiates, antibodies and their fragments. The manipulation is carried out on the device.
During plasmapheresis, as well as after it, the patient receives saline solutions and medications intended to normalize the work of all body systems. The therapeutic regimen includes hepatoprotectors, diuretics, potassium, multivitamins, polyionic solutions. Ozone therapy is used to quickly normalize health. An integrated approach to treatment allows you to restore the patient’s working capacity in one or two days.